Finally, I successfully installed Pytorch on my RaspberryPi 3B. I followed the instructions on How to install PyTorch v0.3.1 on RaspberryPi 3B and a blog post (in Chinese) 在 RaspberryPi 上编译 PyTorch. I am running latest raspian image 2018-04-18-raspbian-stretch and a self-compiled Python 3.6.5. If you are interested in compile Python 3.6.5 or above on your own, check out Installing Python 3.6 on Raspbian. In this post, I will write down steps to my successful installation, and share my compiled wheel file at the end.

First of all, we need to set up SWAP. Edit file /etc/dphys-swapfile, find the constant CONF_SWAPSIZE and change its value to at least 2048, which means sparing 2G for swap file system. I set it to 4096 (4G), because I use a 32G card. To activate the swap file system, do the following commands:

sudo /etc/init.d/dphys-swapfile stop
sudo /etc/init.d/dphys-swapfile start


Then, we need to install dependencies.

sudo apt-get install libopenblas-dev cython3 libatlas-dev \
m4 libblas-dev cmake
pip3 install --user pyyaml numpy


We shall now be ready to compile pytorch. We get pytorch from github, and choose a version (v0.4.0) to build.

git clone --recursive https://github.com/pytorch/pytorch
cd pytorch
git checkout tags/v0.4.0 -b build
git submodule update --init --recursive


Since Pi does not have a GPU that supports CUDA, we are going disable it. We also disable distributed computing.

export NO_CUDA=1
export NO_DISTRIBUTED=1


Suppose we are now in the pytorch folder, use the following command to build pytorch.

python3 setup.py build


This process will be long! On my Pi, it took at least 4 hours (I forgot to time it). I would recommend running the building process in the background:

date && python3 setup.py build && date &> message-build &


The above command will run the building process in the background and output building messages to a file named message-build. Also, date command is used to time the building process. When Pi is working hard to compile pytorch, don't run any other complicated work on it. Indeed, I will suggest not to interrupt it at all, including not to peek the building message in message-build frequently. It is a good idea to run the building process before going to sleep.

After a long enough time, check your message-build file to see if you have a successful build. We can look at the last row of the file:

tail -1 message-build


You should get a message about time from command date. If you do not get it, make sure to check running processes using pstree to see whether the building process has ended. Say we have successfully built pytorch. Since I wanted to get a wheel file for pytorch and installed it to the local user, I did not install it directly using sudo python3 setup.py install. Instead, I went to pytorch folder and did the following commands:

export NO_CUDA=1
export NO_DISTRIBUTED=1
pip3 install --user wheel
python3 setup.py bdist_wheel
cd dist
pip3 install --user torch-0.4.0a0+3749c58-cp36-cp36m-linux_armv7l.whl


Pytorch on RaspberryPi got! I share pytorch wheel file so that you can avoid the compilation. It should save you a lot of time. But make sure you are running Python 3.6 and have numpy installed. If so, use the following command to install pytorch.

pip install --user https://wormtooth.com/files/pytorch/torch-0.4.0a0+3749c58-cp36-cp36m-linux_armv7l.whl